The TSB is making two recommendations aimed at improving the odds that anyone who survives a floatplane crash will get out alive. "In an emergency, you only have seconds to orient yourself and escape and the right training can make the difference between life and death. Pilots with underwater egress training stand a better chance of helping themselves and their passengers survive," said TSB Chair Wendy Tadros. "Another thing that will help immeasurably is shoulder harnesses. Too many passengers survive a floatplane crash only to drown because they have suffered some kind of head trauma and can't get out of the aircraft."